, Many authors have described the prey items taken under natural circumstances.
Litters of six to eight are the most common. Despite this, it remains a common species in many areas. Alternatively, Burbrink and Guiher (2015) recognized two species and no subspecies; under this arrangement, Indiana is home to the Northern Cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus). The pain is generally more severe than bites from the copperhead, but less so than those from rattlesnakes (Crotalus spp.). , Symptoms commonly include ecchymosis and swelling. It does not hold any other conservation status, and because of its perceived aggressiveness and fear of its bite, many are killed by humans every year. The ground color is then tan, brown, or reddish brown. Water moccasins are known to mate in the spring.
Niell (1947, 1948) made observations in Georgia, and noted they were one of the last species to seek shelter, often being found active until the first heavy frosts. The belly is white, yellowish white or tan, marked with dark spots, and becomes darker posteriorly. Agkistrodon is a genus of venomous pit vipers found in Americas from the United States south to northern Costa Rica. Throughout much of their range, they are found in open flatwood pine forests or bald cypress swamps. There is little to no maternal care. ), common musk turtles ( Sternotherus odoratus ), Florida cooters ( Pseudemys floridana ), sliders ( Trachemys scripta ), eastern box turtles ( Terrapene carolina ), Florida softshell turtles ( Apalone ferox ), baby American alligators ( Alligator mississippiensis ), wood thrushes ( Hylocichla mustelina ), chickadees (Parus spp. Heinrich G, Studenroth KR Jr (1996). Eastern populations have broad dark postocular stripe, bordered with pale pigment above and below, that is faint or absent in western populations. On land the eastern hognose snake, (Heterodon platirhinos) is also frequently mistaken for the cottonmouth. The females of these snakes are smaller than males. Juvenile cottonmouths share a behavior with A. contortrix known as caudal luring. Lampropeltis getula, commonly known as the eastern kingsnake, common kingsnake, or chain kingsnake (more), is a harmless colubrid species endemic to the United States and Mexico.
, Found in the eastern United States from Virginia, south through the Florida peninsula and west to Arkansas, southeastern Kansas, eastern and southern Oklahoma, and eastern and central Texas. These snakes could be quite active upon discovery and would then attempt to burrow more deeply into the soft wood or escape to the nearest water. ), common snapping turtles ( Chelydra serpentina ), mud turtles (Kinosternon spp. Three subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate subspecies described here. .
These snake species are highly venomous snakes. These snake species are highly venomous snakes. A loreal scale is absent.
The result is the expression of deleterious recessive alleles and often to developmental failure (inbreeding depression). , Brown (1973) considered their heavy muscular bodies to be a striking characteristic, stating this made it difficult to hold them for venom extraction owing to their strength. That behavior is many times seen as aggressive, but if left alone they will leave. These snakes live in the east of the United States. The head is a more or less uniform brown color, especially in A. p. piscivorus. The eastern cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus) at the northern edge of its range.
Humphreys (1881) described how a 34-inch (860 mm) specimen was killed and eaten by a 42-inch (1,100 mm) captive kingsnake. The United States, from southern Alabama along coast of the Gulf of Mexico, including many offshore islands, to southeastern and central Texas, and north to Oklahoma, Missouri, Illinois and Indiana. The type genus for this subfamily is Crotalus, of which the type species is the timber rattlesnake, C. horridus.
Subadult specimens may exhibit the same kind of dark, parietal spots characteristic of A. contortrix , but sometimes these are still visible in adults.
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