"They are responsible for safety in their own houses," says Oscar Cáceres, a COMIBOL geologic engineer, explaining that the state is not liable for mine deaths or accidents. Jean Friedman-Rudovsky / Potosí, (See pictures of nearby Venezuela cracking down on illegal mining. Then, it was time to venture underground. We are in the Rosario mine, one of 170 interconnected mines which tunnel through the imposing 4700m Cerro Rico mountain, or Rich Mountain, in Potosí, Bolivia.
They live here not through choice but because they cannot afford a house in town or further out, their lives inextricably linked to the mountain they must also call home. This gave rise to the Spanish expression, “vale un potosí” – to be worth as much as Potosí – which is still in use today. “What makes Spain rich, makes her poor” or less flatteringly “Castile has made Spain, and has ruined her”. Bolivia's state mining company, COMIBOL, owns the Cerro but licenses its operation to cooperatives and a handful of multinationals. Założono wiele mennic. These include: toxic gases, runaway wagons, getting lost in the dark and falling down dark holes, and – most commonly – contracting silicosis from the constant intake of dust. Standing over 4,000m above sea level in the Andes of Bolivia, Potosí is one of the world’s highest cities.
None of the tour operators condone the working conditions in the mine yet there appears to be precious little being done to improve them for the remaining workers. Geologists estimate that there is still as much silver left in the mine as has been extracted over the last few hundred years but it is now buried so deep that it is becoming too dangerous and too costly to extract but the Potosí of today is a far cry from its heyday in Spanish Colonial times and there is precious little other than tourism for the locals to turn to so they still, reluctantly, look to the mine. 3 of the surviving mines have been classed as safe enough for tourists to view for themselves but while the conditions in these mines are some of the best in the mountain they really do give you a good sense of the harsh daily life the men and children of this city must endure just to put food on the table for their families. Highly superstitious, the miners give offerings of alcohol, coca leaves and cigarettes to the devil statues to keep them safe. This formed an amalgam of native silver and mercury. A 70-year-old miner came past pushing 50 kilograms of rocks. The mine is a maze of seemingly identical tunnels held up perilously with small trunks of wood at irregular intervals. Nobody will argue that what you will see in the mountain is not treacherous but the mountain and the riches it contains will forever be a part of this city. So far the warnings have fallen mostly on deaf ears. Once the Spanish arrived in Potosí it didn’t take them long to start extracting the silver from the mountain and Potosí was soon the richest city in the world, the largest city in Latin America and Cerro Rico the worlds largest mine throughout the seventeenth century. Indeed, for five centuries mining has been just about the only thing to do in Potosí, Bolivia, the city just beneath Cerro Rico that was once the western hemisphere's richest a 17th-century Paris of the New World. The name translates directly as the ‘rich hill’, but is more notoriously known as the ‘mountain that eats men’. Miasto to jest wspomniane w powieści Rękopis znaleziony w Saragossie autorstwa Jana Potockiego. Cerro Rico (Rich Mountain) in the world’s highest city, Potosí in Bolivia is one such “attraction”. Andrew's experience covers all aspects of the resource venture capital from project evaluation, IPO's, fundraising, investor relations, cartography, technical report writing, exploration program design, with an applied expertise in mineral exploration in porphyry copper deposits, Athabasca unconformity uranium deposits, RIRG's (reduced intrusive related gold) deposits and layered mafic intrusion Ni-Cu-PGM deposits. Descending still further into an unknown world we could hear drilling far in the distance. A handful of museums and a fair few colonial buildings, some in various states of disrepair and others lovingly restored by UNESCO projects, are reminders of former colonial times, but otherwise the city is not so far removed from other Bolivian towns. The distant rumble of dynamite below shook the ground at times as we jumped over gaping holes and waded through muddy water. While not compulsory, tourists visit the market first to purchase offerings such as cigarettes, alcohol and cocoa leaves as offerings to El Tío. Worldhistory.us - For those who want to understand the History, not just to read it. The mines are still in operation today and are a cornerstone of the city’s economy. Basically, the combination of being underground and in the sky at the same time makes for difficult breathing. These coins were known as “pieces of eight” from their divisibility into quarters the eighths. If there is a problem down here there is no escape. Should the miners survive poisonous gasses, explosions and cave ins, the mountains current state more resembles swiss cheese after centuries of mining have left the mountain peak in risk of collapse thanks to a 700 meter sinkhole that opened up in 2011. "One made from the bones of miners who have died inside here.".
Tweet. That raises a larger specter of not only geologic but human loss, especially since the Bolivian government doesn't seem to be able to stop mining activity there. Zyski czerpano jeszcze z pozyskiwania cyny. The number of active mines in the mountain is now is only a handful compared to the height of its popularity, but every day men and children don hard hats and dirtied work jackets to descend into the bowels of the earth, praying that they will make it through the day to see their loved ones again for only a few dollars for their hours of back breaking work. The Best Views Of Barcelona For Next To... Griffith Park Observatory – A Window To The... Hollywood Forever Cemetery – Celebrating Hollywood’s Golden Age. The god of the underworld, El Tío.
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