Aboriginal Oral Traditions from across coastal Australia describe a time in which sea levels rose dramatically, which Western science dates to a time from 13,000 to 7,000 years ago. It involves combing an area, usually on foot but sometimes with the use of mechanised transport, to search for features or artifacts visible on the surface.
The discipline's roots in antiquarianism and the study of Latin and Ancient Greek provided it with a natural affinity with the field of history. It avoids ethical issues (of particular concern to descendant peoples) associated with destroying a site through excavation. Research in Africa, A Century of Ceramic Studies in Often archaeology provides the only means to learn of the existence and behaviors of people in the past. Abandoned towns of the ancient Sinagua people of Arizona, clearly visible in the desert landscape, have been destroyed in large numbers by treasure hunters.
The putative social benefits of local heritage awareness are also being promoted with initiatives to increase civic and individual pride through projects such as community excavation projects and better interpretation and presentation of existing sites.
Also, as a destructive process, it carries ethical concerns.
Heritage, Museums and Public
These interactions hint that Indigenous archaeologies and other forms of landscape knowledge are crucial to how Oral Traditions are sustained and maintained across generations. Archaeological methods were developed by both interested amateurs and professionals, including Augustus Pitt Rivers and William Flinders Petrie. The pottery sherds are reminders of close social relationships with Motu people who live approximately 400 kilometers to the east.
Each of these two goals may be accomplished with largely the same methods. What if they incorporate Indigenous peoples’ knowledge of the archaeological and geographical features they dwell among? © Oxford University Press, 2018. //
In this process, the ground surface is laid bare and the subsurface exposed. However, this approach has been criticised by processualists as lacking scientific rigour. From a Western perspective, the past is long-gone; from a native perspective, disturbing the past can have dire consequences in the present. The literacy even of an aristocracy has sometimes been restricted to deeds and contracts. But locals see their ancestors’ actions in the sand. In Papua New Guinea, Indigenous peoples have been interpreting their ancestral landscapes for generations. But within the past five generations, people have cleared areas of this forest to establish gardens.
Excavations of ancient monuments and the collection of antiquities have been taking place for thousands of years, but these were mostly for the extraction of valuable or aesthetically pleasing artifacts. Archaeology in Africa, Politics, Ideology, and Indigenous As with words such as encyclop(a)edia and gyn(a)ecology, archaeology traditionally has an ae combination; however, unlike in many other words, the ae is still widely retained. In the 1960s, a number of young, primarily American archaeologists, such as Lewis Binford, rebelled against the paradigms of cultural history. As an autonomous discipline, it consists of a method and a set of specialised techniques for the gathering, or 'production' of cultural information". Cultural historians and prior researchers were usually content with discovering the locations of monumental sites from the local populace, and excavating only the plainly visible features there. Due in part to the spirit of postprocessualism, some archaeologists have begun to actively enlist the assistance of indigenous peoples likely to be descended from those under study.
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